Pura Besakih Karangasem is a Hindu religious place in Bali. In addition, in this temple area, there is not only one temple but many temples. Because there are so many temples in one region, Pura Besakih Bali is the largest temple in Indonesia.
Pura Besakih Bali is also often referred to as Pura Agung Besakih. The location of Besakih Temple is located in Besakih Village, Rendang Subdistrict, Karangasem Regency, Bali.
Pura Besakih Bali consists of 1 temple center named Pura Penataran Agung Besakih and there are 18 companion temples that are around from Pura Penataran Agung Besakih. One piece of Basukian Temple and 17 other temples.
If you have ever seen photos of this temple, you will see many stairs and a massive gate. This gate is the entrance to the central area of Pura Penataran Agung Besakih.
Besakih Temple in Bali is a centre of religious activities for Balinese Hindus, and Pura Penataran Agung Besakih is the largest temple in this temple area. Pura Penataran Agung Besakih mostly has a place or building for worship. Balinese people used to call it “pelinggih”, and it is the centre of this temple.
Next, we will discuss the history of Pura Besakih Karangasem briefly. The goal is that when you travel to one of the temple attractions in Bali, you already have an idea of the tourist attractions in Bali that you visit.
Pura Agung Besakih in Bali is famous for tourists, so many foreign or domestic tourists travel to this place. So big this temple, Pura Agung Besakih, got a name as his mother from Pura in Bali.
History of Pura Besakih
You must be asking who built this temple for the first time? The builder of Pura Besakih is a Hindu religious figure from India who has long settled on the island of Java, and his name is Rsi Markandeya.
At that time, there was no Bali strait as it is now because the island of Java and the island of Bali are still one and have not been separated by the ocean. Because of the length of the island that we call the island of Java and Bali, this island is named Dawa island, which means long island.
Initially, Rsi Markandeya, founder of this temple, meditated on Mount Hyang (Mount Dieng in Central Java). After a long time, Rsi Markandeya got a revelation to patch the forest on Dawa Island from the south to the north.
In the forest encroachment, Rsi Markandeya planted a jug containing metal and holy water. These metals include gold, silver metal, copper metal, iron metal, and bronze medals. The five metals in Balinese society are called mama Pancadatu.
In addition to metals, also planted gems called Mirahadi, which means the main Mirah. This place of planting jugs is called by the name Vasuki which means safe. Given the name Basuki or safe because in the encroachment of the forest, the followers of Rsi Markandeya survived to carry out their duties. Over time Basuki’s name changed to Besakih.